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“We Live in a Time of Radical Counter-Enlightenment” by Rainer Mausfeld

Rainer Mausfeld is a professor psychology at the University of Kiel.


In the past decades, democracy was undermined in an unparalleled way. Democracy was replaced by the illusion of democracy, free public debate by the management of opinion and indignation and the key ideal of come-of-age citizens by the ideal of politically apathetic consumers.

Indoctrination instead of Information

Elections do not play any role anymore for fundamental political questions. the important political decisions are made by political-economic groups that are neither democratically-legitimated nor democratically accountable. the destructive ecological, social and psychic consequences of this form of elite rule threaten our society and our life foundations more and more.

Rainer Mausfeld uncovers the systematic of this indoctrination, shows its historical constants and makes us sensitive for the many methods of psychological influencing.

“The educated sectors are particualrly susceptible for the illusion of being informed. These sectors are especially indoctrinated by the dominant ideology. This was the same in National Socialism as today. they become an important stabilizing element of the respec tive dominant ideologies through their silent tolerance.”

His new book “What about the silence of the lambs? How the most serious war crimes and violations of moral norms are made invisible for the population” was published on 10/2/2018 by Westend Verlag

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Philosophical Reflections on the Economic Crisis: From Obscuristan to Absurdistan and Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy by Franz Segbers

Philosophical Reflections on the Economic Crisis: From Obscuristan to Absurdistan by Marc Batko, 54 pp, $2.99 on Kindle Direct from Amazon.
Enjoy the feast! Celebrate your independence!

Please order the eBooks!


and Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy by Franz Segbers, translated by Marc Batko, $2.99 on Kindle Direct from Amazon.
Poverty is the result of enriching the super-rich and corporations. The state should represent the public interest, not special or private interests, and is charged with reducing poverty and inequality.
Capitalism is a religion that makes competition and the market into natural laws, marginalizes and ignores system criticism and alternatives and degrades nature and the future into decorations.


362 million views for Pink Floyd’s “Another Brick in the Wall”! We’re not alone!


Posted in Essays, Political Theory, Reducing Inequality/ Redistribution | 1 Comment

The Criminality of the Elites

The Criminality of the Elites
by Fabio De Masi and Laura Wiesboeck, September 2018


The offenses of the upper classes are hardly publicized. The little are hung while the big can run. People wait in vain for strong interventions in the economic realm while police measures are enforced on the street in no time. Financial criminality harms the state, the community and economic growth (e.g. high-frequency trading, shadow banks, financial products).

Who Really Creates Value in an Economy?
Sep 11, 2018 Mariana Mazzucato

Ten years after the global economic crisis, profits have recovered, but investment remains weak. Ultimately, the reason is that economic policy continues to be informed by neoliberal ideology and its academic cousin, “public choice” theory, rather than by historical experience.

LONDON – After the 2008 global financial crisis, a consensus emerged that the public sector had a responsibility to intervene to bail out systemically important banks and stimulate economic growth. But that consensus proved short-lived, and soon the public sector’s economic interventions came to be viewed as the main cause of the crisis, and thus needed to be reversed. This turned out to be a grave mistake.

In Europe, in particular, governments were lambasted for their high debts, even though private debt, not public borrowing, caused the collapse. Many were instructed to introduce austerity, rather than to stimulate growth with counter-cyclical policies. Meanwhile, the state was expected to pursue financial-sector reforms, which, together with a revival of investment and industry, were supposed to restore competitiveness.

But too little financial reform actually took place, and in many countries, industry still has not gotten back on its feet. While profits have bounced back in many sectors, investment remains weak, owing to a combination of cash hoarding and increasing financialization, with share buybacks – to boost stock prices and hence stock options – also at record highs.

The reason is simple: the much-maligned state was permitted to pursue only timid policy responses. This failure reflects the extent to which policy continues to be informed by ideology – specifically, neoliberalism, which advocates a minimal role for the state in the economy, and its academic cousin, “public choice” theory, which emphasizes governments’ shortcomings – rather than historical experience.

Growth requires a well-functioning financial sector, in which long-term investments are rewarded over short-term plays.

Adam Smith’s Destructive Hand
by Frances Coppola, March 3, 2017


Adam Smith’s “invisible hand” is perhaps one of the most misunderstood concepts in economics. It is usually interpreted to mean that when individuals all operate according to their own self-interest, their actions somehow combine to create a well-ordered, well-functioning society “as if guided by an invisible hand”.

To be fair, this statement about the “invisible hand” (from the Theory of Moral Sentiments) does seem to mean exactly that:

[The rich] consume little more than the poor, and in spite of their natural selfishness and rapacity…they divide with the poor the produce of all their improvements. They are led by an invisible hand to make nearly the same distribution of the necessaries of life, which would have been made, had the earth been divided into equal portions among all its inhabitants, and thus without intending it, without knowing it, advance the interest of the society, and afford means to the multiplication of the species.

This should have been challenged long ago on the lack of counterfactual evidence. It is an assertion, not a fact. Nonetheless, despite the glaring inequalities in our world today, it could be true…

from Marc on Oct 6

Upside down day with the 50-48 vote! Dostoevsky warned that western people could surrender freedom to the Grand Inquisitor for his promise of happiness (or a deal!). The Twitterer isn’t a “self-made millionaire” or a “successful businessman.” He and Ryan should gain a new perspective and see the last two decades as a lucky throw of the dice!
Trump is living out the “Uncle Sucker myth” where the US was carelessly exploited by everyone! (cf. Michael Hudson)
Trump knows how to wield victimhood (cf. Trevor Noah). Civil society is horrified by demonization of victims. Public spirit returns when the public is included and trillions are not stolen in tax bills without hearings!
The light shines in the darkness – in the Senate – and not only above the darkness!
Time to reconcile with Russia and abandon Russophobia, the “Russia in your cornflakes myth”!


National Council of Churches: Kavanaugh must resign immediately! – Oct 4



Marc on Oct 12

The Party of Trump may be expunged on Nov 6 in a landslide or blue wave. He has turned the stomachs of the nation through lies and vulgarity and gave $8 trillion to households with over a million dollars. Like inequality, tax heists hurt and make the future very blurry!

Trump always makes himself the victim of the media and culture wars. Like Hitler, Trump scapegoats minorities and the weak nonstop and says terrible things about all countries and leaders except Kim Jong. As Hitler created a threat out of thin air (“International Jewry was exterminating Germany”), Trump lambasts the media, the Democrats, Obama, Hilary, Medicare for All and the human rights of immigrants (cf. Trevor Noah on Trump’s “victimhood”) and is a chronic liar.

Marc on Oct 13

Eight Questions in Resisting Authoritarian Trumpism

1) How preposterous for the ABA, 2,400 law professors, the ACLU to be brushed off in the Kavanaugh nomination?
2) Were there ever tax bills (e.g. GOP/Paul Ryan tax heists of $8 trillion) without hearings?
3) Is the security state characterized by generalization of fear, scapegoating, fear-mongering, the cult of the strong man and depolitization?
4) Did the liar-in-chief say on 10/12 he has lost billions while president?
5) Do we live under Hocus Pocus or Humpty Dumpty, words mean what I say they mean?
6) How can we see the speck in the South African’s eye and not the militarism log in our own eye?
7) Are we cleaning the outside of the cup and leaving the inside filthy?
8) Is Trump cutting everything but the military and fighting the poor, seniors, students, and children, checks and balances, democracy and language?

Marc on Oct 17

In 1930, the great British economist John Maynard Keynes thought his grandchildren would only need to work a 15-hour week thanks to the technological revolution. An anthropology problem arose when the desire for wealth surpassed the desire for freedom.

De-acceleration, slowing down and enjoying reduced working hours with better long-term health and more time sovereignty should be part of the hyperlink world where the two-inch world is eclipsed.


Audio: Neil Young – Let’s Impeach the President
for lying and leading our country into war
using all the power we gave him
shipping all our money out the door
whose the man who hired all the criminals
who hide behind closed doors


Posted in Financial Market Capitalism, Political Theory | 1 Comment

Affordable Rents? A State of Emergency Intensifies

Affordable Rents? A State of Emergency Intensifies
by Werner Rugemer and others, 2018


Rents explode in cities after massive sales of public housing to brutal investors. Affordable housing is in short supply. Something must change fast. In 1987, there were 5.5 million social apartments in Germany. Today, there are only 1.5 million in all Germany. Since 2014, the number of homeless in Germany has doubled to 800,000. Investors go unpunished. The Great Coalition government under Helmut Kohl abolished nonprofit housing cooperatives in 1988.

Land speculation is prevented in Vienna. The Vienna Housing Fund buys up possible development land. The constitutional state must be helped to its feet. In impoverished Germany after WW1, local communities built hundreds of thousands of nonprofit apartments. The pressure from below made all the difference.

From Craigslist Eugene – Rants and Raves – Oct 1

RE: Trump is here to stay

No he’s not.

Lots of “Trump is here to stay” nonsense flying around and lots of red-baiting, throwing the Socialist and Communist words around while you fail to mention how Trump is sucking up to the former head of the KGB. What up with that? I guess Putin’s a good Communist but Bernie’s a bad Socialist ?(he’s actually a Democratic Socialist, big difference.) You can’t answer that can you?

Dems will take the House in 2 months. Then it’s over for Trump. He won’t be impeached or removed with the TFA (both would take 3/4ths of the Congress to do) but at that point he’s essentially a lame duck. With Dems controlling the House, (hopefully without Pelosi) Trump will not have the rubber stamp he has enjoyed for the past two years. Then we ride out the next two years. The last thing we want is that bible thumper Pense as President.

When it’s over, here’s how I think the TRUMP RIECH will have scored. No wall. No nuke treaty with NK. Totally destroyed any respect we had in the World, just like Bush. Failure to end the ACA. Tax breaks rolled back. Regulations reinstated. All the damage he has wreaked will be reversed and we will finally get Medicare for all. Trump will go down in history as the most hated and worst one term President ever. Then he will be indicted and convicted.

If Kavanaugh can be stopped from being confirmed, Trump will have failed to pack the Supreme Court. Even if it can’t be stopped, there are other ways to deal with it. Since his hearing last week, Kavanaugh is a flawed nomination because he lied under oath. He can be impeached. If The Republicans don’t have the Congress and the Supreme Court, they won’t be able to protect Kavanaugh or Trump.

This is why this election is so important. Look for it to go the same as when Obama was elected. Blue Wave. It’s Hillary’s fault that Trump got elected. If ANYONE else had the been nominated, Trump would not have won. I blame the DNC for TRUMP. Them and their superdelegates!

From Marc on October 2

Be nonconformists, October is not only “stamp collecting month”!

In late-stage capitalism, we fight against a bullying culture and an insult society. The Repugnacrats have done nothing against education loans, the affordable housing crisis, the health care crisis. the job creation crisis and the global warming crisis. Their strategy is to scapegoat the weakest, minorities, migrants, women, students, children, seniors and the poor, to fear monger and create threats out of thin air.

Trump has terrible things to say about all countries particularly Canada, Germany and China and always calls himself the victim of the media and culture wars. Hitler and Goebbels mesmerized the German people by saying “International Jewry was exterminating Germany” and Germany was forced to “total war.”

Resist the beginnings of fascism! Reclaim democracy and the social contract! Truth must well up within people and cannot be forced or commanded. Indirect criticism, thoughts that wound from behind, can bring enlightenment, Soren Kierkegaard said. We are born in an egg and our life-project is to break the shell, said Gunter Grass. The bull-headed can be quarantined and defanged by social movements of the uncoupled and outraged. Resignados become indignados! They have the money but we have the numbers.

Posted in Human Rights, Reducing Inequality/ Redistribution | Leave a comment

BookTV: Justice John Paul Stevens, 56 min

BookTV: CSpan May 9, 2014
After Words with Justice John Paul Stevens, 56 min

Former U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens talked about his book, Six Amendments: How and Why We Should Change the Constitution, in which he recommends six ways he believes the U.S. Constitution should be amended. He spoke about reforms to campaign finance, the death penalty, gerrymandering, and the Second Amendment. He was interviewed by Jeffrey Rosen, president of the National Constitution Center.


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Against the Rent Madness and For a Nonprofit Orientation!


Against the Rent Madness and For a Nonprofit Orientation!

by Andre Holm, Tony Krebs, and Leo Mayer, September 21, 2018

The Alternative Housing Summit on Sept 21 inBerlin discussed alternatives to the market-based housing policy. Exploding rents and lack of affordable housing are the most burning social questions and drive people to the streets.

Most private market actors stay away from affordable housing because of the growing profit expectations of investors rather than the high construction costs. The extensive privatizations of the last 15 years contributed to a market radicalization. Privatization was the door-opener for the growing financial market logics in the housing supply.

The development of a nonprofit sector offers a necessary and possible alternative since the market fails and the state cannot extensively socialize the housing supply. This requires nothing less than the breach with the profit logic in the area of housing supply!

More market is not the solution! Housing for People, not for Profits!

Posted in Human Rights, Reducing Inequality/ Redistribution | Leave a comment

Finance Capitalism and the Digital Economy

Finance Capitalism and the Digital Economy
by Philipp Staab, WiSO 15/2018


The financialization of the economy and the rise of the commercial Internet are directly connected… At the beginning of the digital economy, as Marianna Mazzucato and others showed, was an investing state that took over the installment financing for the large majority of base innovations of digitalization as an initial risk capitalist. Financialization describes the change of the capital accumulation model.

Philipp Staab is a sociologist and teaches macro-sociology at the University of Kassel.


The Global Trade System Could Break Down
by Anne Krueger, Sept 24, 2018


Posted in Financial Market Capitalism, Political Theory | Leave a comment

The Dictatorship of Corporations by Thilo Bode

The Dictatorship of Corporations
by Thilo Bode, 2018, a reading summary of his new book


Why do the majority of politicians so often make decisions against the public interest and in favor of industry? A new quality of lobbyism arose on account of the dramatically stronger market- and financial power of companies.

I sound the alarm. The power relations in our society are shifting endangering democracy, the market economy, our self-determination, and our freedom. “A great setback…
Wall Street won; normal persons are losers” admitted the head of the CFBB.

Translator’s Note:

The world isn’t running after CocaCola, rock-n-roll and financial products as in the pre-2008 days. The unipolar days have given way to the multi-polar days. Where is the discussion of Plan B? Are we headed back to the 11th century and to corporate feudalism?

Myriad full-time and part-time jobs are possible with digital or Internat capitalism. Civil society must be enlivened to reverse the trend to plutocracy and disempowerment.

Reduced working hours lead to better long-term health and more time sovereignty. Shriveling the financial sector and expanding the public sector should be lessons from the 2008 meltdown. Redistribution and regulation are vital in a world where infinite growth is impossible and the state must represent the public interest!

$18 trillion was infused in “too-big-to-fail” banks in the 2008 financial meltdown. In the first eight months of 2018, corporations spent more than $460 billion buying back their own stock (cf. The Real World Economic Review). The lack of affordable housing represents a market failure. A non-profit housing sector would be an alternative to market failure and state complicity. Owners of capital are not the only ones with enforceable rights.

more at www.citizen.org, www.onthecommons.org, www.therealnews.com, www.politicalcartoons.com, and www.grin.com


Posted in Environmental Economics, Political Theory | Leave a comment

New eBooks “Alternative Economics: Reversing Stagnation” edited by Marc Batko, Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy” by Franz Segbers and “Philosophical Reflections on the Economic Crisis: From Obscuristan to Absurdistan” by Marc Batko


Available from Barnes & Noble

Available from Scribd

Available from Apple

Mainstream market-radical economic theory has led to exploding inequality, cynicism and resignation and has no answers to mass unemployment, growing precarity, global warming and the rights of nature. The time is right for alternative economics, for economics that is part of life, not a steamroller crushing creativity and self-determination.

The market is not self-healing or a panacea but a necessary and helpful instrument after political questions are answered: what kind of society do we want? How can public necessities remain public? How can people be active participative citizens and not mere cogs in the machine? How can nature be protected and nurtured and not trivialized as a free good, external or sink?

Alternative economics is a vital corrective to market radicalism and neoliberalism with unfettered deregulation, privatization and liberalization of markets. While neoliberal mythology insists higher profits bring more jobs and greater investments, profits soar and investments fall by the wayside.


Available now at your favorite digital store!


Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy by Franz Segbers

“Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy” by the professor and social theologian Franz Segbers is a 77-page plea for rethinking and re-prioritizing people over profit in economic policy. For 45 years, neoliberalism has used deregulation, privatization and liberalized markets or speculation to enrich the owners of capital and reduce the tax obligations of corporations. To avert the collapse of the financial sector in the 2008 financial crisis, $18 trillion was pumped into “too-big-to-fail” banks. In the first eight months of 2018, the bailed out banks have invested over $460 billion in buying back their own stock. Profits have soared while investments have stagnated. Redistribution from top to bottom and alternative economics including reducing working hours are imperative to reverse the exploding inequality and precarious work. The financial markets should be shriveled and the public sector expanded.

“Poverty is returning. That must be our first discovery when we speak about poverty in Germany. Once it was fought and became a marginal problem. Why is it returning? For a long while, there was the firm belief that life goes forward and we live in an elevator society. Our children will be better off. That was the motto when I was growing up. This picture of the elevator society where everyone would be prosperous is not reality any more. Everyone is not on an upward course any more. The picture has turned upside down. While some are going upward, others are going downward. A Lord’s Prayer society has replaced the elevator society. The formerly secure middle class at its outskirts has long been eroding. Children with good education can not find good jobs and work their way from one trainee-ship to the next and one temporary job to the next.”

Franz Segbers, born August 8, 1949 in Gelsenkirchen, is a German theologian. He studied catholic theology, pedagogy and the social sciences at the University of Munster. He was a social or industrial pastor in Frankfurt up to 1985. Out of protest against the repression of liberation theology, he withdrew from the Roman Catholic Church in 1986. He was a professor of social ethics at the Philipps-University in Marburg from 2004. He has urged a just distribution of paid work and is a shining example of social enlightenment and progressive theology. His website offers scores of essays, lectures and books.

Segbers is engaged in the struggle against neoliberal globalization and works with Marxist categories in a theological criticism of capitalism as a religion. The future of work and globalization on the background of Christian social ethics are two of his research interests.


Poverty Returns with Misguided Policy

Work and Human Rights

Forgive us our Debts

Democracy and the Social State

Capitalism as a Religion

Capitalism in the Faith Crisis

The Great Ecumene against Capitalism

Social Justice and the Sacred Nature of the Person

Prof. Segbers will be ecstatic to have English readers!




“Education is the great transformer, said the renowned economist John Kenneth Galbraith. The truth will set us free but the truth is a process, not a cudgel. Truth must well up within us and cannot be imposed or decreed from the outside. The event of understanding is a fusion of horizons, said Hans Georg Gadamer, where prejudice and misunderstanding give way to enlightenment and new life.

I wrote these essays to share the philosophical and theological wonderment which is part of our common collective legacy. Franz Kafka said words could be an ax to crack the frozen soul. Plato warned that people in the allegory “The Cave” could mistake image and reality and then chase critics or the enlightened out of town. Dostoevsky said people would surrender their freedom to the Grand Inquisitor for his promise of happiness. Rousseau said people were born free and are everywhere in chains. In “Escape from Freedom,” the social psychoanalyst Erich Fromm said people were susceptible to the authoritarian temptation because of the natural fear of the new and the fear of the unknown. He focused on the social and economic entrapments that allow neoliberal totalitarianism to be “without an alternative.”

Philosophy’s challenge is to provoke conventional wisdom, myths and fairy-tales that lead individually and collectively into a two-inch world with false securities and generalized self-righteousness, drunken coachmen and a system that is allegedly not responsible. In his poem “The Egg,” Gunter Grass said we were born in an egg and our life project is to break the shell. As antibodies are part of our bodies, resistance is part of our nature. “It is not he or she or them or it that you belong to,” said Bob Dylan.”

Here is a little gift from Real World Economics Review:
Utopia and the Exhaustion of the Center
by David Riccio, Aug 31, 2018 rwer

Habermas’s view is that society has been reoriented away from the concept of labor toward that of communication, which requires a different way of “linking up with the utopian tradition.” The alternative approach would be to rethink the concept of labor in terms of class and analyze the ways in which the forces of capital that were supposed to be regulated and contained by the social welfare state were left with both the interest and means to undo those regulations. And it’s the center that put itself in the position of responding to and representing the progressive dismantling of the economic side of the social welfare state—in deregulating finance, pursuing globalization, and helping to unleash new digital technologies. The result was, not surprisingly, the growth of obscene levels of inequality, increasing precariousness for large parts of the working-class, and finally the crisis that broke out in 2008, which has led not only to economic but also political breakdown.

However, as Shenker correctly observes, “the breakdown of any political order can be both emancipatory and revanchist.” And it now falls to the Left to reharness and reinvigorate the utopian impulses and energies that the center has squandered in order to chart a path forward.

*The English-language translation of Habermas’s article, “The New Obscurity: The Crisis of the Welfare State and the Exhaustion of Utopian Energies,” was first published in Philosophy & Social Criticism. T

Tom Tomorrow – Confirmation hearing highlights – Sept 10- kos


Posted in Alternative Economics, Essays, Financial Market Capitalism, Liberation theology, Reducing Inequality/ Redistribution | Leave a comment

Is the Financial Crash 2.0 Coming?


Is the Financial Crash 2.0 Coming?
by Isabelle Bourboulon, 2018, vsa-verlag.de

Market ideology has been on the advance since the 1980s. Only a few voices warned of the risks and instability of the liberalized financial markets. The European states mobilized 4.5 trillion euros to prevent their banking system from collapsing. After they profited from the generous bailout packages, the banks began to speculate against the most indebted countries.

Translator’s comments and links:

Happy September, post-materialists!

The US faces a nationwide power failure, the bitter fruit of the Twitterer’s lies, vulgarities and scapegoating.
Narcissism, illiteracy and apolitical indifference are homemade curses. The social state is the human future and should not be slandered as “Bolshevism.”
The economy for the few is an economy based on myths, fairy-tales and lies. Owners of capital should not be the only ones with enforceable rights. Building 2440 F-35 fighter jets for $291 billion is a blindness in a world where weapons don’t work, enemies don’t exist and money is regularly squandered.

Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS)
by Olesya Kazantseva, 2015

Closing tax havens, ending tax competition, and prohibiting profit-shifting are necessary for a fair tax system. The richest 1% in Pennsylvania could receive another $3 billion from Trump’s tax scam! Democracy is different than plutocracy. Problems do not disappear when they are ignored or repressed as fake populists and lies must be overcome with truth-tellers and sharing wealth.

Only radical change can avert egoism replacing solidarity. The state should serve the public interest and yet private or special interests are often in the driver’s seat.

Utopia and the exhaustion of the center
September 1, 2018 real world economic review
from David Ruccio

We’re ten years on from the events the triggered the worst crisis of capitalism since the first Great Depression (although read my caveat here) and centrists—on both sides of the Atlantic—continue to peddle an ahistorical nostalgia.

Fortunately, people aren’t buying it.

As Jack Shenker has explained in the case of Britain,

one of the most darkly humorous features of contemporary British politics (a competitive field) is the ubiquity of parliamentarians, pundits and business titans who wail and gnash at our ceaseless political tumult but appear utterly incurious about the conditions that produced it. . .

Such stalwart defenders of a certain brand of “common sense” capitalism have watched in horror as ill-mannered upstarts — on both the right and the left — build power at the fringes. But these freshly emboldened centrists pretend that the rupture has no connection to their own dogma and seem to envision the whole sorry mess as some sort of administrative error that will be swiftly tidied away once the right person, with the right branding, is restored to authority.

Much the same is true in the United States, where centrists in the Democratic Party watch in horror as the Republican Party falls in lockstep with Donald Trump and the only energy within their own party comes from the Left. All the while, they ignore their own role in creating the conditions for the crash and the fact that their technocratic promises to American young people—university or community-college education leading to a stable and prosperous worklife, the dream of a thriving middle-class democracy, the claim for capitalism’s economic and ethical superiority—lie in tatters.

As it turns out, Jürgen Habermas sounded the warning of just this eventuality back in the mid-1980s.* His argument, in a nutshell, is that western cultures had used up their utopian energies—and for good reason, because

the very forces for increasing power, from which modernity once derived its self-confidence and its utopian expectation, in actuality turn autonomy into dependence, emancipation into oppression, and reality into the irrational.

Crisis Regulation in Global Capitalism
by Samuel Decker and Thomas Sablowski, May 2017


The globalization euphoria waned with the 1997 Asian crisis. The policy of the IMF and the World Bank met with massive criticism and public protests in the global South in the 1980s. Hundreds of billions were needed to bailout bankrupt banks. Capital suffocates in its excess.

The US with its high solvent demand stabilized the world economy for a long time, consumed more than it produced and played the role of “consumer of last resort.” The US could become indebted in its own currency

more at www.openculture.com, www.grin.com and www.therealnews.com

Posted in Financial Market Capitalism, Political Theory | Leave a comment