to read “Learning from Roosevelt: His “New Deal” by the Austrian economic researcher Stephan Schulmeister, click on
In the first phase Roosevelt concentrated in three areas: firstly, the social-psychological side of depression, combating despondency and despair, secondly, the strict regulation of the financial sector and thirdly, the stimulation of the economy by creating jobs and combating deflation and foreclosures.
The Civilian Conservation Corps helped overcome the basic pessimistic mood in society. Within a few months, 500,000 young persons had hope again. The government should intervene in case of an economic emergency (“widespread unemployment and disorganization of industry”)…The Public Works Administration was the largest New Deal organization…The Social Security Act (1935) introduced unemployment and pension insurance and set up additional measures for the socially weak… The National Labor Relations Board sought to prevent intimidation of employees by employers and promote the process of collective bargaining.
Between 1933 and 1937 the real GDP of the US increased 43%… The unemployment rate fell from 25% to 14%